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ADHD IN ADULTS
1. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder.

2. Although ADHD has been well known to be an illness of childhood, it is now recognized that it is a lifelong disorder in many cases and is associated with profound impairment.

3. (ADHD) is estimated to affect 2% � 6% of adults.

4. In adults it is associated with significant educational, occupational and interpersonal difficulties.

5. Research shows that ADHD is equally present in men and women.

6. Research shows decreased electrical activity in frontal part of brain of patients. Family and twin studies have shown that genes play major role in ADHD.

7. Although many cases of ADHD are appropriately diagnosed and managed in childhood, many others are not diagnosed until adulthood. Longitudinal studies have shown that 80% of children with ADHD still have symptoms in teenage and cause stress and impairment.

8. At school, their struggle with inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive behaviours often leads to difficulties completing projects and homework, and as a result they often do not achieve their academic potential.

9. Teenagers with ADHD have more conflict with their parents than do adolescents without ADHD.

10. They tend to be immature, get into trouble when not supervised, have poor social skills and engage in high-risk activities (e.g., reckless driving, cigarette smoking, unprotected sex, marijuana use)

11. Adults with ADHD are at higher risk of dropping out of college, being fired from their jobs and having marital problems. In addition, they typically have fewer years of schooling, lower occupational achievement and poor social skills.

12. Adults with ADHD experience higher levels of anxiety and depression than the general population. In addition, recent research has identified an increased risk of poor medical health, serious motor vehicle crashes, cigarette smoking and drug abuse.

13. Clinical experience suggests that adults with ADHD are attracted to occupations that are exciting and busy and have an element of risk (e.g., sales, stockbroking, entrepreneurial ventures).

14. Adults with ADHD report frequent changes in employment, poor planning abilities (e.g., organizing finances, handling course work at college), messiness, dangerous driving, unstable relationships or social isolation, and engagement in leisure activities that are highly absorbing or stimulating (e.g., downhill skiing, high-contact sports, surfing the Internet). They also express difficulty organizing their homes (e.g., cooking regular meals, cleaning) and managing their children (e.g., packing their lunches, getting them to appointments on time).25

15. Medication has been the first line of treatment of ADHD and has been shown to be effective and safe in adults and in children. If the patient does not respond to or tolerate stimulant medication, treatment with an antidepressant may be considered.

16. In addition to medications education about the disorder, involvement in a support group, skills training (e.g., vocational, organizational, time management, financial) and coaching. Coping strategies and skills training (e.g., how to use a day planner, developing routines for meal time, delegating challenging tasks) may help patients function better in their daily lives. Some adults may benefit from having a coach or mentor who provides encouragement and helps them handle difficult situations.

17. Cognitive behaviour therapy, training of parenting skills for adult parents with ADHD, vocational counselling and educational remediation may be helpful interventions.

 


 


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